The general answer is no, or at least not in the way that is helpful to most families.
We usually get this question a lot when someone dies without a beneficiary of a life insurance policy, IRA or 401K, for instance. When the family is trying to claim these funds upon the death of a loved one, the financial company may send a claim form with a statement about a "small estate affidavit" that would be necessary in order to claim the assets. Unfortunately, Florida does not have a small estate affidavit so to speak, which means the family will more than likely need to consult a probate attorney to help gain control of the assets.
Florida does have a legal process called a Disposition without Administration, but this is generally used in very specific situations, typically where the decedent's funeral expenses are unpaid. Florida does have a Summary Administration process that can be useful for simple matters, however, but this usually means hiring an attorney. To learn more about the difference between the disposition without administration/summary administration, I have more on the types of Probate in Florida that would be helpful if you cannot get control of an assets upon someone's death.
If your loved one has passed and you are trying to access their assets, our guide to Navigating the Florida Probate Process will be very helpful.